Just two weeks after a total lunar eclipse, some lucky observers in North America will get to see a partial solar eclipse on October 23, 2014. The eclipse is visible from most of North America and Mexico. No observers will see the Sun totally eclipsed, but from western North America, about 40% to 80% of the Sun will be covered by the Moon. This is a great “dry run” for the total solar eclipse of August 21, 2017.
The northern constellation Cassiopeia is clogged with open star clusters that invite inspection with a small telescope. One of the most striking of these clusters is the wonderful NGC 457, also known as the “E.T. Cluster”, because of its resemblance to the famous character from the Steven Spielberg movie, eyes glowing, arms outstretched, ready to give you a big hug.
October 2014 welcomes the Hunter Moon, the first full Moon of northern autumn. By chance, this month’s full Moon passes into eclipse by the Earth for observers in most of North America, eastern Australia, and all of Hawaii and New Zealand. Later in the month, the Orionid meteor shower graces near-perfect sky as the Earth passes through the debris-strewn path of Comet Halley. And an astonishing encounter: a tiny comet grazes the planet Mars, an event which will make news all over the world. Here’s what to see in the night sky this month…
In our brief look at dark matter, you found more than 80% of the matter in the universe is a type of particle or particles that emit no light, interact very weakly with matter in our everyday world, yet exert profound gravitational influence on the rotation of galaxies and the movement of galaxy clusters. Although particle physicists have a few good ideas, no one knows for sure what this dark matter might be, which is a little unsettling. But it gets even stranger because astronomers have since discovered most of the universe is made not of matter but a strange and unidentified type of energy– “dark energy”– that accelerates the expansion of the universe and may one day carry distant galaxies forever out of view.
Although it’s a small constellation, little Delphinus, the Dolphin is one of the few star groups that clearly resembles its namesake. In Greek legend, Delphinus is the dolphin that saved poet and musician Arion when he was robbed and thrown overboard by his shipmates. The constellation is easy to find between the stars Altair to the west and Enif, the nose of the constellation Pegasus, to the east. It’s visible from the northern and southern hemispheres.